Science

Eureka!

“The common language of genius: Eureka! While the roads that lead to breakthrough scientific discovery can be as varied and complex as the human mind, the moment of insight for all scientists is remarkably similar. The word “”eureka!””, attributed to the ancient Greek mathematician Archimedes, has come to express that universal moment of joy, wonder-and even shock-at discovering something entirely new. In this collection of twelve scientific stories, Leslie Alan Horvitz describes the drama of sudden insight as experienced by a dozen distinct personalities, detailing discoveries both well known and obscure. From Darwin, Einstein, and the team of Watson and Crick to such lesser known luminaries as fractal creator Mandelbrot and periodic table mastermind Dmitri Medellev, Eureka! perfectly illustrates Louis Pasteur’s quip that chance favors the prepared mind. The book also describes how amateur scientist Joseph Priestley stumbled onto the existence of oxygen in the eighteenth century and how television pioneer Philo Farnsworth developed his idea for a TV screen while plowing his family’s Idaho farm.”

Eureka!

Organic Chemistry II

CliffsQuickReview course guides cover the essentials of your toughest classes. You’re sure to get a firm grip on core concepts and key material and be ready for the test with this guide at your side. Whether you’re new to biosynthesis, integrated metabolism, and the molecular cloning of DNA or just brushing up on those topics, CliffsQuickReview Organic Chemistry II can help. This guide introduces each topic, defines key terms, and walks you through each sample problem step-by-step. In no time, you’ll be ready to tackle other concepts in this book such as The reactions of aromatic compounds Aldol, cross-aldol, and ketonic aldol condensation Ester formation Oxidation Mass spectra CliffsQuickReview Organic Chemistry II acts as a supplement to your textbook and to classroom lectures. Use this reference in any way that fits your personal style for study and review — you decide what works best with your needs. You can either read the book from cover to cover or just look for the information you want and put it back on the shelf for later. What’s more, you can Get a glimpse of what you’ll gain from a chapter by reading through the introduction at the beginning of each chapter Study your formulas in the Summary of Preparations or the Summary of Reactions Use the glossary to find key terms fast. With titles available for all the most popular high school and college courses, CliffsQuickReview guides are a comprehensive resource that can help you get the best possible grades.

Organic Chemistry II

Drawing Out Leviathan

“””… are dinosaurs social constructs? Do we really know anything about dinosaurs? Might not all of our beliefs about dinosaurs merely be figments of the paleontological imagination? A few years ago such questions would have seemed preposterous, even nonsensical. Now they must have a serious answer.”” At stake in the “”Science Wars”” that have raged in academe and in the media is nothing less than the standing of science in our culture. One side argues that science is a “”social construct,”” that it does not discover facts about the world, but rather constructs artifacts disguised as objective truths. This view threatens the authority of science and rejects science’s claims to objectivity, rationality, and disinterested inquiry. Drawing Out Leviathan examines this argument in the light of some major debates about dinosaurs: the case of the wrong-headed dinosaur, the dinosaur “”heresies”” of the 1970s, and the debate over the extinction of dinosaurs. Keith Parsons claims that these debates, though lively and sometimes rancorous, show that evidence and logic, not arbitrary “”rules of the game,”” remained vitally important, even when the debates were at their nastiest. They show science to be a complex set of activities, pervaded by social influences, and not easily reducible to any stereotype. Parsons acknowledges that there are lessons to be learned by scientists from their would-be adversaries, and the book concludes with some recommendations for ending the Science Wars.”

Drawing Out Leviathan

The Biostatistics Cookbook

We live in a very uncertain world. Variation surrounds our work. There is noise in our experiments, in our measurements, and in our test subjects. From all these sources of uncertainty and variation, we try to extract a coherent picture of very complex and sometimes dynamic, biological and chemical processes. In fact, one of our major challenges is to separate this signal, the ‘real’ biology or chemistry, from the noise. The tools developed to do this are called, collectively, biostatistics. Any tool, even a hammer, can be misused. This could result, at best, in inefficiency, and, at worst, in disaster. With the advent of newer, us- friendly statistical software packages, desk top computing, and point-a- click technologies, it is easier than ever to make mistakes in your analyses. The beauty of having access to so much computing power is that you can now enjoy ultimate flexibility in data processing: that can also be a problem. Ask your computer to produce a particular analysis, report or graphic, and that is exactly what you will get: if you happen to have asked for the wrong thing it will be produced just as quickly, and you will probably never know it was wrong. One aim of this handbook is to help you choose the correct tool for the job at hand, understand its strengths and weaknesses, and to help you recognize when you should seek expert advice. We describe biostatistics as a collection of tools for very good reasons.

The Biostatistics Cookbook

Irreversibilities in Quantum Mechanics

The problem of irreversibility is ubiquitous in physics and chemistry. The present book attempts to present a unified theoretical and conceptual framework for the description of various irreversible phenomena in quantum mechanics. In a sense, this book supplements conventional textbooks on quantum mechanics by including the theory of irreversibilities. However, the content and style of this book are more appropriate for a monograph than a textbook. We have tried to arrange the material so that, as far as possible, the reader need not continually refer elsewhere. The references to the literature make no pretense of completeness. The book is by no means a survey of present theoretical work. We have tried to highlight the basic principles and their results, while the attention has been mainly paid to the problems in which the author himself has been involved. The book as a whole is designed for the reader with knowledge of theoretical physics (especially quantum mechanics) at university level. This book is based on the courses of lectures given at the Chemistry Department of Tel-Aviv University.

Irreversibilities in Quantum Mechanics

Plant Biology

CliffsQuickReview course guides cover the essentials of your toughest subjects. Get a firm grip on core concepts and key material, and test your newfound knowledge with review questions. Whether you need a course supplement, help preparing for a physics exam, or a concise reference for biology, CliffsQuickReview Plant Biology can help. This guide provides a valuable introduction to the concepts of roots, stems, leaves, flowers and fruit. In no time, you’ll be ready to tackle other concepts in this book such as Cell division Energy and plant metabolism Plant evolution Fungi and viruses Biogeochemical cycles Plant geography CliffsQuickReview Plant Biology acts as a supplement to your other learning materials. Use this reference in any way that fits your personal style for study and review — you decide what works best with your needs. You can flip through the book until you find what you’re looking for — it’s organized to gradually build on key concepts. You can also get a feel for the scope of the book by checking out the Contents pages that give you a chapter-by-chapter list of topics. Tabs at the top of each page that tell you what topic is being covered. Keywords in boldface type. Heading and subheading structure that breaks sections into clearly identifiable bites of information. With titles available for all the most popular high school and college courses, CliffsQuickReview guides are a comprehensive resource that can help you get the best possible grades.

Plant Biology

Biology

CliffsQuickReview course guides cover the essentials of your toughest subjects. Get a firm grip on core concepts and key material, and test your newfound knowledge with review questions. Whether you’re new to elements, atoms, and molecules or just brushing up on your knowledge of the subject, CliffsQuickReview Biology can help. This guide carries biological studies into topics such as organic compounds, cellular respiration, transgenic animals, and human reproduction. You’ll also tackle other concepts, including The process of photosynthesis Mitosis and cell reproduction Inheritance patterns Principles of evolution The unity and diversity of life CliffsQuickReview Biology acts as a supplement to your other learning materials. Use this reference in any way that fits your personal style for study and review — you decide what works best with your needs. You can flip through the book until you find what you’re looking for — it’s organized to gradually build on key concepts. Here are just a few other ways you can search for topics: Use the free Pocket Guide full of essential information. Get a glimpse of what you’ll gain from a chapter by reading through the Chapter Check-In at the beginning of each chapter. Use the Chapter Checkout at the end of each chapter to gauge your grasp of the important information you need to know. Test your knowledge more completely in the CQR Review and look for additional sources of information in the CQR Resource Center. Use the glossary to find key terms fast. With titles available for all the most popular high school and college courses, CliffsQuickReview guides are comprehensive resources that can help you get the best possible grades.

Biology

Mad about Physics

Why is there eight times more ice in Antarctica than in the Arctic? Why can you warm your hands by blowing gently, and cool your hands by blowing hard? Why would a pitcher scuff a baseball?Which weighs more-a pound of feathers or a pound of iron? Let science experts Christopher Jargodzki and Franklin Potter guide you through the curiosities of physics and you’ll find the answers to these and hundreds of other quirky conundrums. You’ll discover why sounds carry well over water (especially in the summer), how a mouse can be levitated in a magnetic field, why backspin is so important when shooting a basketball, and whether women are indeed as strong as men. With nearly 400 questions and answers on everything from race cars to jumping fleas to vanishing elephants, Mad about Physics presents a comprehensive collection of braintwisters and paradoxes that will challenge and entertain even the brainiest of science lovers. Whether you’re a physicist by trade or just want to give your brain a power workout, this collection of intriguing and unusual physics challenges will send you on a highly entertaining ride that reveals the relevance of physics in our everyday lives.

Mad about Physics

On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection

When it was first published The Origin of Species aroused immense opposition and heated controversy. Darwin’s views offended, not only old-fashioned naturalists, but theologians and clerics. Based largely on his experience as a naturalist while on a five-year voyage aboard the H.M.S. Beagle, The Origin of Species set forth a theory of evolution and natural selection that challenged contemporary beliefs about divine providence and the immutability of species. A landmark contribution to philosophical and scientific thought, the book has fresh application today for its pioneering views on the ecology of plants and animals.

On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection

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