Picture: Mona Lisa “La Gioconda”
Leonardo da Vinci ( 1452–1519 ) , Italian painter, scientist, and engineer. His paintings are notable for their use of the technique of sfumato and include The Virgin of the Rocks (1483–85), The Last Supper (1498), and the Mona Lisa (1504–05). He devoted himself to a wide range of other subjects, from anatomy and biology to mechanics and hydraulics: his 19 notebooks include studies of the human circulatory system and plans for a type of aircraft and a submarine.
Picture: Sistine Chapel Ceiling
Michelangelo – ( 1475–1564 ) , Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet; full name Michelangelo Buonarroti . A leading figure of the High Renaissance, Michelangelo established his reputation with sculptures such as the Pietà ( circa 1497–1500) and David (1501–04). Under papal patronage he decorated the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome (1508–12) and painted the fresco The Last Judgment (1536–41), both important mannerist works. His architectural achievements include the completion of St. Peter’s cathedral in Rome (1546–64).